Wednesday, April 15, 2009

LANDSCAPE DESIGN



1. AN INTRODUCTION TO LANDSCAPE DESIGN

A. DEFINING LANDSCAPE
1. The first time the term ‘Landscape Architecture’ was used has been referenced to Gilbert Laing Meason’s published book, “The Landscape Architecture of The Great Painters of Italy” in 1828. He used it to describe the relationship between architecture and landscape, the built and natural form.
2. John Claudius Loudon (1783-1843) (Scottish botanist and planner who started Gardenesque), gave it wider publicity in his publications (E.g. “Landscape Gardening and Landscape Architecture of the Late Humphrey Repton”.
3. American Frederick law Olmsted (1822-1903) gave to it the worldwide recognition through his winning design of Central Park, and later formed the landscape architecture profession in America, making this term the professional title and worldwide professional body; the International Federation of Landscape Architects (IFLA).
4. In Europe, it was adopted by Patrick Geddes (1854-1932) (Scottish biologist and botanist, who gave concepts to urban planning) and Thomas Mawson (1861-1933) (1st President of the Institute of Landscape Architects and President of Town and Planning Institute)
5. Wikipedia’s description on the web - ‘Landscape architecture is the art, planning, design, management , preservation and rehabilitation of the land and the design of human-made constructs. The scope of the profession includes architectural design, site planning, housing estate development, environmental restoration, town or urban planning, urban design, parks and recreation planning, regional planning, landscape urbanism, and historic preservation’.

References;
1- Lecture Notes
2- Wikipedia

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